Note that this is the essence of what is known as invertible counterpoint.
I thought it might be interesting to see whether I could provide a simplified, illustrated guide to the art of fugue writing as I understand it.
Why does the answer begin a fifth higher, on 5, when the subject begins on 1, but a fourth higher, on 1, when the subject begins on 5. B minor, C major compound melodic Chromatic: Back to the Music home page If 5 does not appear at or near the beginning of the subject, no adjustment is necessary.
Googling these gave me some useful info and I saw a mild improvement, though not enough to formulate even a solid 16 measures of fugue. Thus, one can emulate fugue composition by following a few basic procedures, and then using the fugues of Bach as supreme if somewhat intimidating.
A close stretto is one in which the overlapping is considerable. An episode is a modulating link between the entries of the subject and answer to make a change from continual reiteration of the subject. The reason for this discrepancy has to do with harmony. A major, Ab major 2 measures: The "You Can Learn to Draw" Phase This period is named after the little magazine ads extolling the "geometry" method of drawing, with penciled-in rectangles and circles forming the framework on which the final drawing is based.
The subject begins on scale degree 5 "middle" Cthe answer a fourth higher, on scale degree 1 Fnot on 2 G. This is where your counterpoint studies come into their own: Mozart, however, is able to toy with the intricacies, which is necessary for the proper exploration of the subjects.
It is also nice if the countersubject has some relationship to the motifs and ryhthms of the subject B: These devices can be used in combination, e. If one voice is using straight quavers, for instance, arrange that the other voices are using longer and more irregular rhythmic values.
Diminution of the subject means statement of it in notes of smaller value, usually half. B minor, C major compound melodic Chromatic: We can perhaps understand now why fugue subjects do not start on scale degree 3.
Once the subject was chosen, I spent Sunday evening throwing together a fugue on it, annotating the score as I progressed. Any subject that begins on scale degree 5, or features 5 prominently near the beginning, will result in a tonal answer, because 5 must be adjusted in the transposition to begin a fourth higher, on scale degree 1, rather than on 2.
This type of rhapsodic writing presented a major challenge to me, and I therefore rarely got beyond the exposition before setting the work aside to continue another day. An answer that has such an adjustment is designated a tonal answer, because it has been modified from its usual strict fifth transposition in order to confirm the tonality tonic by entering on a consonance, rather than conflict with it by entering on a dissonance.
Write out the subject in the dominant in the final voice. If it sounded good, he kept working with it. The final section begins where the subject or answer returns in the tonic key. For alto or tenor entries that need to stand out, it is usually a good idea either to drop out the voices above or below that might obscure the entry, or to hold them fairly static so that the melodic changes in the internal voice are noticeable.
Subject entries usually stand out when they are at the top or bottom of the texture. Below, I will describe the stages I went through as I tried to master this ancient art form.
But now we have to modulate back to the tonic for the third entry. Always aim to reproduce a sort of a conversation between the voices. Certainly, but it pays to start with the basics. Following the adjustment, the notes of the answer are fifth transpositions of the subject.
Usually, it turns into multiple fugues, one after another, rapid-fire, with a lot of intertwining. C major, C minor 3 measures: With its intricate counterpoint and tightly woven motifs, it represented the epitomy of musical thought in the Baroque era. Like my idol, J. And God called him to do it.
The first note of the subject, however, and sometimes a few others as well, is transposed only a fourth higher, as we have just seen. In spite of all this, I had no idea what a fugue was until I read a description in my dog-eared book of Music Appreciation. After the first note, or first few, the remainder of the answer is an exact transposition up a fifth.
Inverse movement means statement of the subject upside-down, upward intervals become downwards ones and vice versa. So far, so good. However, I did not realize that, once the second voice appeared in the new key, the first voice was allowed to play in the new key as well.
Therefore, in my first few attempts to write a fugue, I was operating under the false assumption that the first voice had to play in the original key while the second played in the new key. Utilizing the techniques above and the example structure you’ll be on your way to writing your first Fugue.
In the future we’ll be giving a step by step guide to writing your fugue beginning with constructing your subject. Aug 06, · A silly, pretentious instructional video I made for Prof. James Gardner's Sight & Sound: TV course, where I write a fugue based on the theme from Britney Spe Skip navigation.
Utilizing the techniques above and the example structure you’ll be on your way to writing your first Fugue. In the future we’ll be giving a step by step guide to writing your fugue beginning with. @Stan Shunpike, the Gedalge book is almost in point form.
He deals with a deliberately limited form of fugue (scholastic fugue) just so that the novice can get a handle on effective techniques. For instance, he forbids subjects that modulate to other keys than the tonic or dominant so that the beginner can get a handle on dealing with tonal answers.
How to create a good fugue subject? (tsfutbol.comheory) submitted 2 years ago by dylanthepiguy2. But in my research and trying to write this reply, I had to restart this reply 4 times because of my super sensitive key board touch pad and that happens a lot. I think it must be that I clicked reply to another message and didn't notice it and.How to write a good fugue in g