As you review the references, remember to be a critical reader see Study Guide What is critical reading. Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks.
The term now encompasses a wide range of web-based sources, in addition to the more traditional books and print journals. Typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field.
Point the way in fulfilling a need for additional research. If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field e.
When to stop It is important to keep control of the reading process, and to keep your research focus in mind.
Releasing the Social Science Research Imagination. Methodological A methodological approach focuses on the methods utilized by the researcher. Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths.
The rule of thumb is to go back at most five to six years. Summarize and Synthesize Remember to summarize and synthesize your sources within each thematic paragraph as well as throughout the review.
If you find yourself in this situation, review the references used by relevant current literature and see if you can expand your research, and thus your reference list, with valuable content from there.
For additional information regarding journal restrictions on the number of references, click here.
Your interpretation of each piece of evidence is just that: What is already known or understood about this topic. You can also review the indexes of books to find references to specific issues that can serve as the focus of your research.
There may also be key sources of publications for your subject that are accessible electronically, such as collections of policy documents, standards, archive material, videos, and audio-recordings.
Sage Publications, ; Kennedy, Mary M. By Publication Order your sources by publication chronology, then, only if the order demonstrates a more important trend. Plan to describe relevant theories. Take notes conscientiously in order not to be confused with the ever-increasing portions of analyzed information as you read more and more with the course of your research.
This approach should only be followed if a clear path of research building on previous research can be identified and that these trends follow a clear chronological order of development.
For example, what might cultural anthropologists say about the continuing conflict in the Middle East. This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time.
Skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content of the article focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and first few paragraphs, the conclusion of each article. Thinking About Your Literature Review The structure of a literature review should include the following: However, you may pick any scholarly topic.
Examples of ways you might structure your literature review are: Surely someone else has thought about related topics or used similar techniques. Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen remember: The critical evaluation of each work should consider: It can give you a degree of control, in what can feel like an overwhelming and uncontrollable stage of the research process.
Unless you’re writing a literature review, your paper’s primary focus should be on your investigation and findings. Don’t bury your hard work under strings of citations and discussion regarding other works.
A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated. GUIDE TO WRITING YOUR RESEARCH PAPER Ashley Leeds Rice University Here are some basic tips to help you in writing your research paper.
The guide is divided into six sections You include the literature review to explain both the basis for and contribution of your research project.
The literature review should be focused on issues directly. Literature review typically occupies one or two passages in the introduction section.
A well-written literature review should provide a critical appraisal of previous studies related to the current research area rather than a simple summary of prior works. You include the literature review to explain both the basis for and contribution of your research project.
The literature review should be focused on issues directly relevant to your study and. What is the importance of literature review? Article Writing a Literature Review Research Paper: It should not be merely a list of references but should also include a short description of.Literature review research paper should include